Since 1997 Ms Umuhoza has been involved in the struggle of the Rwandan political opposition in exile. She returned from exile in January 2010. She is the Chairperson of the Unified Democratic Forces, a coalition of Rwandan opposition parties. She was a candidate in the August 2010 elections but was ultimately banned from running. She is currently under arrest and has appeared in court accused of working with a terrorist group. She faces a possible life sentence.
President Paul Kagame is a Tutsi and won the election with a 93% vote. It is his second term in office. However the majority of the population are Hutu but they see progress and stability in the status quo. Kagami’s RPF ruling party are a fractured motley of hardliners and reformists hence his zero tolerance of opposition parties.
In December 2013 Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza was sentenced to 15 years in prison.