Since 1997 Ms Umuhoza has been involved in the struggle of the Rwandan political opposition in exile. She returned from exile in January 2010. She is the Chairperson of the Unified Democratic Forces, a coalition of Rwandan opposition parties. She was a candidate in the August 2010 elections but was ultimately banned from running. Then under arrest she appeared in court accused of working with a terrorist group. She faces a possible life sentence.
President Paul Kagame is a Tutsi and won the election with a 93% vote. It is his second term in office. However the majority of the population are Hutu but they see progress and stability in the status quo. Kagami’s RPF ruling party are a fractured motley of hardliners and reformists hence his zero tolerance of opposition parties.
In December 2013 Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
On 14th September she was released along with some 2000 others.
5 December 2019, Victoire Ingabire was awarded the International Human Rights Award 2019 by the Association for Human Rights of Spain (APDHE) but was not allowed by the Rwandan government to attend the award ceremony of 2019 in Spain.
Meanwhile she continues her work on truth, justice and reconciliation in Rwanda.